Ex-military jets will have to perform aerobatic stunts at higher altitude and further away from crowds following a Shoreham crash report.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) announced the measures in its final UK air show safety regulation review following the fatal disaster in 2015.
It will also strengthen the requirements of post-display reports to "reflect the importance of feedback".
A vintage Hawker Hunter jet crashed on to the A27 on 22 August, killing 11.
The aircraft had been performing aerobatics at the annual Shoreham Airshow when it plummeted to the ground.
This year's show has been cancelled.
The head of the CAA, Dame Deirdre Hutton, said the measures were being brought in so the public had "every confidence that UK air shows meet the highest safety standards".
'Enjoyed by millions'
She added: "We began this review immediately after the accident at Shoreham last summer with the sole purpose of doing all that we can to make UK civil air shows even safer.
"It has been an extensive review, looking closely at all aspects of air show safety to identify any areas where the system can be strengthened.
"Air shows are enjoyed by millions of people up and down the country and we want them to be successful."
The "enhanced measures" include:
The CAA said restrictions introduced following the crash in August would remain in place until the Air Accidents Investigations Branch (AAIB) had published its final report.
These measures saw Hawker Hunter jets grounded, ex-military jets restricted to fly-pasts over land and air shows subject to enhanced risk assessments.
The CAA also increased its air show charges from 1 April - by up to £2,695 for larger displays - to fund the measures.
Sywell air display in Northamptonshire will not go ahead because of the "likelihood of much higher CAA fees" and the people behind a display at Thockmorton in Worcestershire have threatened to cancel their event.
Organisers of the Manchester Airshow have blamed the timing of the review on the cancellation of its event this year.
Dame Deirdre said the CAA was working with the air-show community to make sure the "measures are implemented" for the upcoming display season and beyond".
The CAA is responsible for allowing air shows to go ahead and monitoring their safety.
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